Lubricants(WoS), 2018, Volume 6, Issue 4
Abstract. The processes taking place on the friction surface of high-alloyed aluminum alloys working with steel whilst replacing bronze journal bearings with aluminum are investigated. In this regard, eight experimental aluminum alloys with an Sn content from 5.4% to 11.0%, which also included Pb, Zn, Si, Mg, and Cu, were cast. The surface and subsurface layer of experimental aluminum bearings were studied before and after tribological tests with a 38HN3MA steel counterbody by scanning electron microscopy including energy-dispersive analysis. The best aluminum alloy, which had an Sn content of 5.8% after the friction tests, showed 6.5-times better wear resistance and steel counterbody wear rate than the bronze reference. Both structural and compositional changes in the surface layer were observed. It was revealed that secondary structures formed on the surface during the friction process and included all of the chemical elements in the tribosystem, which is a consequence of its self-organization. Generally, the secondary structures are thin metal-polymer films generated as a result of the high carbon and oxygen content. The interaction behavior of some of the chemical elements in the tribosystem is shown and discussed. In addition, the influence that Sn, Pb, Cu, and C content in the secondary structures has on the tribological properties of low-tin and medium-tin alloys is shown.
Keywords. aluminum alloys; bronze; journal bearings; tribological alloys; friction; friction surface; secondary structures; self-organization.
AO-5.8 alloy surface. (a) Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) image of surface structure before friction; (b) SEM image of surface structure after friction; (c) tin distribution map (energy-dispersive analysis (EDX)) on the friction surface; (d) calcium distribution map (EDX).
Исполнители: Pavel Podrabinnik , Iosif Gershman, Alexander Mironov, Ekaterina Kuznetsova, Pavel Peretyagin
Дата публикации: 28-11-2018